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Ca. 1233-1197 BCE

Mesopotamia / Kings /
Assyria / Middle period / Kings /
Tukulti-Ninurta 1

Assyria around the reign of Tukulti-Ninurta 1

(Dead 1197 BCE) Ruler of Assyria ca. 1233-1197 BCE, 36 years.
He managed to increase Assyrian influence over Mesopotamia, making king Kashtiliashu 6 of Babylonia his vassal. The second time he subjugated Babylonia, he plundered the temples in Babylon, causing anger even in Assyria, and weakening his position. He responded by starting to build a new capital, right across the river from Ashur, naming it Kar-Tukulti-Ninurta, but it would never come into use.
He drove many thousand Hittites out of their homelands in eastern Asia Minor.
Among his building projects were to erect a ziggurat for goddess Ishtar-Dinitu, a building that would become the model for later grand Assyrian buildings. He also extended for fortifications of Ashur.
He appears in Greek legends under the name, Ninus.

Ca. 1233 BCE: Succeeds his father, Shalmaneser 1 as king of Assyria.
1197: Is killed, possibly by his son, Ashur-nadin-apli, who becomes new king.

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By Tore Kjeilen