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Islam
INTRODUCTION
1. Orientations
a. Figures
2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
5. Sharia
6. Muhammad
7. Cult and Festivals
8. Mecca
9. Cultic personalities
10. Caliph
11. Structures
12. Popular religion
13. Others
14. Calendar



























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Islam / Muhammad /
Battle of Uhud
Arabic: 'uhud


In Islam, battle fought on March 23, 625 between the Muslims under the leadership of Muhammad and the non-Muslim Qurayshis of Mecca. Uhud is a volcanic hill west of Madina, then known as Yathrib, the largest hill top in the region at about 1,300 metres.
The Battle of Uhud is noted for the defeat of the Muslims, as well as for Muhammad almost being killed. The fighting ended when the Meccans believed that Muhammad was dead.
The army of the non-Muslims counted 3,000, while the Muslims originally counted 1,000. On the morning of the battle, a Muslim contender to Muhammad, Abdullah ibn Ubayy left taking with him 300 men.
According to the story, Muhammad's men would still come on the offensive, and seemed to be winning. But the turn in their luck came when 40 of the archers stationed on a hill left their positions to secure their part of the loot. The Meccans were then able to launch a counter-attack, and the 10 archers who had remained in their positions were not able to hold them back.
This caused the disintegration of the Muslim troops, and in the disturbance, Muhammad was wounded and fell unconscious to the ground. The Meccans then chose to withdraw, believing that Muhammad was dead. Later the same day, they learned that he most certainly hadn't died, but by then Muhammad had been returned to safety.
Of the 700 Muslims fighting, 72 dies in the battle, and further more from wounds the following days.
Of the many stories relating to the battle, there is one which distinguishes itself. On the morning of the battle, a man named Usayrim converted to Islam, then joined the Muslims and died fighting. He is therefore, according to Muslim history, a rare case of a martyr who has never performed the prayer.




By Tore Kjeilen