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Ancient Egypt /
1. Introduction
2. Gods
3. Concepts
4. Cult
5. Cult centres
6. Necropolises
7. Structures

Detailed articleAncient Egypt

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Ca. 1560-ca. 1070 BCE

Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / Religion / Necropolises /
Valley of the Queens
Ancient Egyptian: ta-set-neferu

In Ancient Egypt, a royal necropolis dedicated to the wives of the kings of Egypt, from around 1560 until the middle of the 11th century BCE. This era is known as the New Kingdom, with the 18th, through the 19th and until the 20th dynasties.
In all, this burial place was used for some 480 years. This means that it probably was used longer than the Valley of the Kings; the oldest tomb here is from the 17th Dynasty, almost half a century earlier than the first tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
The valley is, from the first to the last tomb, 220 metres deep, 100 metres wide, opening up in the east, ending in two forks in the west. The mountain sides are largely of limestone.
A good number of princes and nobles were buried here, too, and the naming of this valley and that of the Valley of the Kings, must not be interpreted as a strict division between royal and female royals. The only absolute, is that no king was ever buried in the Valley of the Queens.
It is believed to be more than 70 tombs here, a good number of these were lavishly decorated. Few of the queen tombs challenge the finest of the king tombs, but the tomb of Nefertari (QV66), the wife of Ramses 2, is a spectacular exception.
The tombs are listed QV and a number. QV is for "Queens' Valley" and the number are consecutive, roughly reflecting sequence of discovery.

QV8 Hori, son of an 18th Dynasty king, as well as a daughter of a king
QV17 Merytre and Wermeryotes, princesses of the 18th Dynasty
QV30 Nebiri, head of the stables during the 18th Dynasty
QV33 Princess Tanedjmet, of either the 19th or 20th Dynasty
QV38 Queen Sitre, wife of Ramses 1 (19th Dynasty)
QV42 Pareherwenemef, son of Ramses 3 (20th Dynasty)
QV43 Seth-her-khopsef, son of Ramses 3 (20th Dynasty)
QV44 Khaemwaset, son of Ramses 3 (20th Dynasty)
QV46 Imhotep, vizier under Tuthmose 1 (18th Dynasty)
QV47 Princess Ahmose, daughter of the regional 17th Dynasty king, Seqenenre. She must not be confused with Ahmose 1, her uncle, and first king of the 18th Dynasty.
QV51 Queen Iset Ta-Hemdjert, wife of Ramses 3, mother of Ramses 6 (20th Dynasty)
QV52 Queen Tyti (19th or 20th Dynasty)
QV53 Prince Ramses, son of Ramses 3 (20th Dynasty)
QV55 Prince Amun-her-khepeshef, son of Ramses 3 (20th Dynasty)
QV60 Queen Nebettawy, daughter of Ramses 2 (19th Dynasty)
QV66 Queen Nefertari, wife of Ramses 2 (19th Dynasty)
QV68 Queen Meritamun, daughter of Ramses 2 and Nefertari (19th Dynasty)
QV70 Nehesy (18th Dynasty)
QV71 Queen Bintanath, daughter of Ramses 2 and Isetnofret (19th Dynasty)
QV72 Neferhat / Baki (18th Dynasty)
QV73 Queen Henuttawy (possibly 20th Dynasty)
QV74 Queen Tentopet (20th Dynasty)
QV75 Queen Henutmire, daughter or sister of Ramses 2 (19th Dynasty)
QV76 Merytre, a daughter of one of the 18th Dynasty kings
QV80 Queen Mut-Tuy, wife of Seti 1, mother of Ramses 2 (19th Dynasty)
QV81 Prince or princess Heka, of the 18th Dynasty
QV82 Minemhat and Amenhotep, sons of one the 18th Dynasty kings
QV88 Ahmose, son of an 18th Dynasty king

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By Tore Kjeilen