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Islam / Theology /
Abd al-Karim Haeri Yazdi
Other spelling: Abdolkarim; Hairi

Abd al-Karim Haeri Yazdi

Detail from Iranian stamp (1989); Abd al-Karim Haeri Yazdi.

(1859-1936) Iranian theologian and jurist of Twelver Shi'i Islam.
He is mainly remembered for his central contribution to the revival of theological studies in Iran. He founded the Qom based seminar of Hawzah-ye-ilmiya, which would make Qom the foremost city of religious studies in Iran, rivalling Najaf's prominence among Shi'is. During his time, institutions were yet to be formalized, and his hawzah represented a long step towards theological universities.
He stated that religious authorities should abstain from participating in politics, yet his teachings would produce some of the most central 20th century religious politicians, of which Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini is the foremost.

1859: Born in the region of Ardikan.
— He would begin his studies in Yazd, Iran, continuing on to Samarra, then Najaf and Karbala, all in Iraq.
1921: Establishes himself as a theological teacher in Qom.
1937 January 30: Dies.

By Tore Kjeilen