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Yemen
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns



























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Map of YemenFlag of YemenYemen /
History


1200 BCE: Rich culture.
950-115 BCE: Kingdom of Sheba, whose riches were based upon caravan trade and agriculture with artificial watering.
Around 400: The Sabaean king of Yemen visits Yathrib in Arabia, and converts to Judaism. He makes it the state religion of Yemen.
7th century: Conversion into Islam, the region joins the Caliphate.
9th century- 1517 Shi'i (Zayyid) dynasties in the north.
1517-1635: Ottoman supremacy.
1538: Aden captured by the Ottomans.
19th century: British establishes a foothold on the southern coast.
1839: The British captures Aden.
1869: The building of the Suez Canal brings Aden to an important position in international trade.
1882-1918: The British increases its position into most of what became South Yemen (incl. Hadramawt).
1918: (Northern) Yemen gets independence with the fall of the Ottoman Empire.
1918- 34: Conflict between Yemen and the British on the status of Aden and Hadramawt.
1958- 61: Yemen enters a union with United Arab Republic.
1959: Small states in the areas around Aden and in Hadramawt establishes The South Arabian Federation.
1962: Republican coup in Yemen against the Zayyidi Caliph. Civil war starts. Egypt supports the republicans, Saudi Arabia the Caliph's party.
1962: Aden joins The South Arabian Federation.
1967: Civil war ends in the north.
1967: Independence for People's Republic South Yemen.
1969: Communists win a conflict in South Yemen. Name changes to People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (1970).
1970: Treaty between the two groups of the civil war in the north. Republic remains.
1972: Military conflict between the northern and the southern Yemen. Peace treaty concludes with a forthcoming unification of the two countries.
1974: Coup in the north.
1978: Ali Abdallah Salah becomes the new president of the northern Yemen.
1978- 79: Crisis and war between the north and south of Yemen.
1988, 1989: Treaties on unity are signed.
1990: Unification. Ali Abdallah Salah becomes president of the united Yemen.
1991: Referendum on new constitution.
1991- 92: Unstable conditions and popular unrest.
1993: Democratic elections, several parties. Salah remains president.
1993: Disputes between prime minister Abu Bakru l-Attas (from the south) and Salah on the road of unification.
1994 May: Civil war starts, by southern groups receving large sums in foreign aid, mainly from Saudi Arabia. A new state of South Yemen is declared, named Democratic Republic of Yemen, governed from Aden.
July 7: Aden falls, and with it the short-lived Democratic Republic of Yemen.
1999: First direct presidential elections held, reelecting Saleh.
2004 June: Armed conflict in the northwestern governorate Sa'dah begins.




By Tore Kjeilen