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Zagros Mountains



Zagros mountains, Iran
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Zagros Mountains, Iran

Zagros mountains, Iran
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Zagros mountains, Iran
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Zagros mountains, Iran

Mountain range dominating the western Iran, touching Iraq. Another designation is Kurdish Mountains. The name Zagros, comes from the Zagarthian people, probably of European ancestry.
The total length of the mountain ridges that make up Zagros is about 1,500 km, beginning in northeastern Iraq, ending at the Strait of Hormuz. Many peaks are higher than 3,000 metres. The highest single mountain is the Zard Kuh at an elevation of 4,548 metres.
The main stone of the Zagros are limestone and dolomite. Snow is common in winter, and many mountains peaks have some snow even through summer. Many parts of the Zagros can have annual rainfall passing 1,000 mm. Some of the rivers on the western side of the mountain range carry water all through the year.
The Zagros region helps to give good conditions for agriculture in the nearby valleys, and agriculture and livestock raising are the main sources of income in the region.
The main Iranian cities of the Zagros are Esfahan (1.4 million), Shiraz (1.1 million), Borujerd (250,000), Dezful (240,000), Malayer (180,000), Behbehan (150,000), Masjed-e Soleyman (130,000) and Shahr Kord. The main Iraqi city is Sulaymaniyah (700,000). All are 2005 estimates.




By Tore Kjeilen