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1. Orientations
a. Figures
2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
5. Sharia
6. Muhammad
7. Cult and Festivals
8. Mecca
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10. Caliph
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Islam / Theology /
Full name: Abu al-Qasim Mahmud ibn Umar az-Zamakhshari
Persian/Arabic: abū 'al-qāsim mahmūd ibn ¢umar 'az-zamakhsharī

(1075-1144) Persian Muslim scholar, mainly in the fields of theology.
His main work is the Discovery of Revealed Truths (Al-Kashshaf), which is a voluminous linguistic commentary on the Koran, tafsir. The theological thinking presented here belonged to the Mu'tazili branch, which was opposed by many Muslims. He declares that the Koran was created, not eternal, despite this, it was widely read, and Ibn Khaldun was a great admirer of his works. The Kashshaf would in the 13th century be used by Al-Baidawi for a new tafsir, which established itself as the principal commentary for Sunni Islam; yet Az-Zamakhshari's retained much of its popularity and influence.
He preferred using Arabic as the language for his major works, expressing that he thought of it as the queen of languages. The other work for which he has gained his fame, was an extensive treatment of Arabic linguistics.
He had his foot amputated for medical reasons, and carried for the rest of his life affidavits from respected citizens attesting that the amputation had not happened as a punishment for a crime.

1075 March 8: Born in Zamakhshar, Khwarezm, corresponding to Turkmenistan or Uzbekistan.
— During his younger years he travelled extensively, spending long periods in Mecca, studying under Ibn Wahhas, and studied also at Bukhara and Samarkand.
1121: Completes Detailed Treatise on Arabic Linguistics.
1134: Completes his Discovery of Revealed Truths.
1144 June 14: Dies in Al-Jurjaniya, Khwarezm.

By Tore Kjeilen