Mauritania / Cities and Towns /
City in Mauritania with 38,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate). Zouerate is the central town in northern Mauritania, and the capital of the Triss Zemmour region with 45,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 252,900 km².
The economy of the city is mining and activities relative to mining. The reserves of Zouerate is estimated at 200 million tons of hematite quartz. More founds near Zouerate, double these figures.
Beside that, people are employed by regional administration and the military. Zouerate has a large number of foreign workers from other African countries. The living conditions for the inhabitants of Zouerate are very simple, and often inadequate.
1952: Iron ores discovered near Kedia d'Idjil.
1958: Concessions on iron extraction are given to Miferma, Société des mines de fer de Mauritanie, which is then almost entirely owned by European interests.
1960: Extraction of iron starts.
1974: Miferma is nationalized by the Mauritanian state.
1981: A new iron ore discovered at Guelb, 35 km north of Zouerate.
1990: Third iron ore discovered at Mhadaouat, 65 km from Zouerate.