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Luxor



Luxor
Introduction

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Ramesseum
Introduction

34. Gigantic proportions

35. Interior details




















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LUXOR
Ramesseum

Luxor, Egypt: Ramesseum


Luxor, Egypt: Ramesseum

The 1st Pylon can be ascended, allowing a great view over the temple.


The Ramesseum was constructed to be the mortuary temple of Ramses 2. While originally laid out on a grand scale, one error was done concerning its eternal qualities. It was built on a field that was inundated by the Nile's flooding once a year. By the time of construction, the nearby temple of Seti 1 had already started to fall apart.
The layout is quite similar to other temples. It faces the Nile, and has pylons, courts, hypostyle halls and closed and gloomy sanctuaries. There is however one change from the general pattern, with the incorporation of the temple of Tuya, Ramses' mother.
A couple of parts of the temple are more interesting than others. The two fallen colossi of Ramses 2 add drama to the site, while the workmen's quarters are unusually well-preserved. It is not unlikely that other temples had similar profane structures next to the sacred quarters, but in most cases they were removed upon the completion of the temple or destroyed over time by nature and man.
Luxor, Egypt: Ramesseum

Considering its inferior purpose, the magazine of workshops, storerooms and servants' quarters have survived surprisingly well. Made from mud-brick one would have expected them to have disintegrated long before the nearby Temple of Tuya, which now only have stumps left of its walls.




By Tore Kjeilen