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Encyclopaedia of the Orient

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Carthage: The Rise and Fall of a Phoenician Trading Powerhouse

Situated on the eastern shore of the Lake of Tunis in what is now Tunisia is Carthage. This city was at one time the...

Chaldean Christians vs the Ancient Chaldeans of Mesopotamia

Babylonia assimilated the Chaldean people and absorbed their country in the sixth century BC. Chaldea had come into being between the late 10th and early...

The Revelation of the Koran and How It Shaped Basic Beliefs...

The Koran, also called Quran or the Qur'an, is the chief religious text of Islam. Muslims believe it to be a revelation from God...

The Almohad Dynasty of the Maghreb

The Almohads were the largest Berber empire to ever exist on the African continent. Their territory spread from the Iberian Peninsula to modern-day Libya...

The Suez Canal: Europe’s Artery of Trade to the East

The Suez Canal’s opening in 1869 brought fundamental change to the international trade system. The waterway eliminated an estimated 10,000 kilometers and 24 days...

Berber People: The Natives of North Africa

The Berber people have inhabited North Africa for centuries and survived years of assimilation, persecution, and invasion. Though Berber culture began to decline during the...

The Ottoman Empire: The Sultans of the Middle East

The Ottoman Empire lasted for over 600 years, controlling most of the Middle East and parts of Southeastern Europe and North Africa at its...

The Druze: The Secretive Arabs of Lebanon, Syria, and Israel

The Druze, a secretive religious sect that is spread throughout Syria, Israel, and Lebanon, is a prominent religious minority in the Levant. Despite their proclivity...

Iraq Culture: From People to Practices

Modern-day Iraq culture reflects its Mesopotamian roots as the world’s oldest advanced civilization. The population of Iraq practices a wide array of traditions and...

Wahhabism: Saudi Arabia’s Ultraconservative Islam

Wahhabism is an ultra-conservative movement of Sunni Islam that has strong roots in both Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The history of Wahhabism has been deeply...

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