Persian Gulf

Persian: khalīj-e fārs Arabic: 'al-khalīj 'al-¢arabiyy Gulf bordering Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Oman, with an area of 240,000 kmē, a maximum depth of 90 meters, and an average depth is...

Baybars

Arabic: 'az-zāhiri rukn 'ad-dīn baybars 'al-bunduqdārī (1223?-1277) Mamluk sultan 1260-1277. Baybars, a man of unique qualities, was able to rise from the inferior position of a common slave to...

Waqf

Arabic: waqf In Islam, the system a specific religious institution revenues from property. Such institutions are usually mosques, religious schools or social institutions, like hospitals. A waqfs would normally...

Code of Hammurabi

                    Full text in translation Collection of laws and edicts of King Hammurabi of Babylonia dating to the middle of the 18th century BCE. The laws in this collection...

Tunisia

TunisiaThe Tunisian RepublicArabic: (OFFICIAL:) 'al-jumhūriyyatu t-tūnisiyyaArabic: (SHORT:) tūnisIndependent republic in North Africa with 10.5 million inhabitants (2009 estimate) and an area of 163,610 kmē. The capital...

Leptis Magna

LEPTIS MAGNAThe supreme Roman ruinsLeptis Magna has deservedly earned a reputation of having the most complete and impressive Roman ruins in the...

Ibn Khaldoun

Arabic: 'ibn khaldūn (1332-1406) Berber Muslim historian and sociologist. Ibn Khaldoun's family was of the Tunisian elite, and he received a thorough education. He served at several courts in Maghreb. Still, due to...

Akkad

The ancient region in Mesopotamia, the northwestern half of this region, until the rise of Babylonia in the 18th century. The other, southern half of Mesopotamia...

Moses

Hebrew: moshe Arabic: mūsā Contents 1. Historical or legendary? 2. Judaism and Christianity 3. Islam Moses holding the Ten Commandments. Drawing: Gustave Dore.. Prophet in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, of whom there is no form of historical evidence. Calculated from references...

Sir John Bagot Glubb

Sir John Bagot Glubb. King Abdullah and Sir John Bagot Glubb reviewing their troops. Note the parading soldiers clapping hands. (Preston, Britain 1897-1986) British military officer serving first...

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