Bulla Regia

Roman ruins hiding from the sun  Bulla Regia's most distinct features are the underground dwellings that the Romans used during the summer heat. Their houses...

Qom

Persian: qum The Hazrat-e Masumeh in Qom. Photo: Laura e Fulvio. Qom The Fatima al-Masumeh Shrine. Photo: Ninara.         The Hazrat-e Masumeh along the river. City in Iran with 850,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), situated in central Iran,...

Lebanon Religions

Religions Figures in 1000. Islam 2,000 54.0% Shi'i 1,200 32.0% Sunni 750 20.0% Alawites 50 1.4% Christianity 1,450 39.0% Maronite Catholics 850 23.0% Melkite Catholics 400 11.0% Syrian Catholics 25 0.7% Armenian Catholics 20 0.5% Roman Catholics 20 0.5% Chaldean Catholic 12 0.3% Armenian Orthodox 120 3.2% Syrian Orthodox 2 <0.1% Greek Orthodox 1 <0.1% Druze 210 5.7% Baha'i 4 <0.1% Lebanon is one of the most diverse, and torn apart, countries in matters...

San’a

San'aArabic: san¢ā' San'aPhoto: Franco Pecchio.Photo: Step.Photo: yeowatzup.Photo: Matt May. Capital of Yemen with 1.85 million inhabitants (2005 estimate). San'a is situated in the...

Baybars

Arabic: 'az-zāhiri rukn 'ad-dīn baybars 'al-bunduqdārī (1223?-1277) Mamluk sultan 1260-1277. Baybars, a man of unique qualities, was able to rise from the inferior position of a common slave to...

Oud

Arabic: 'al-¢ūd Excerpt 1: Nubian Oud music Excerpt 2: Nubian Oud music The Oud is a highly ornate instrument made of wood, with six double strings, with a...

Iraq Religions

Religions Figures in 1000. Islam 23,000 92.0% Shi'i 14,000 56.0% Sunni 9,000 36.0% Christianity 1,300 5.2% Nestorians 750 3.0% Chaldean Catholics 420 1.7% Syrian Catholics 100 0.4% Armenian Orthodox 20 0.1% Other Christians 10 <0.1% Yazidis 500 2.0% Ahl-e Haqq 200 0.8% Mandeans 30 <0.1% Shabak 70 <0.1% Baha'i 3 <0.1% While Islam strongly dominates the Iraqi society, there are several religions surviving in the mountains and in the capital. Baghdad has...

Mu’ammar Gadhafi

Arabic: mu'ammar 'al-qadhdhāfī (1942-) Leader of Libya since 1969, yet holding no official titles. Few leaders of the Arab world experience such confusion regarding the writing of their names....

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