Marlik

Other spelling: Cheragh-Ali Tepe Marlik Golden goblet of Marlik, Iran.         Steatopygous female figure. Photo: Quinn Dombrowski. Archaeological site in Northern Iran. The royal cemetery unearthed at Marlik was that very rare find,...

Morocco

A mixture of new and old Morocco has been a popular tourist destination for two centuries, particularly helped by the nearness to Spain, but always...

Hannibal

Hannibal. (247 BC- Bithynia 182 BCE), Carthaginian general, leader of the famous march across the Alps. Hannibal is primarily known for his efforts in the second Punic war but...

Jafar as-Sadiq

Arabic: 'abū ¢adullahi ja¢fari bni muhammad (699- 765 CE) The Sixth Imam in the Twelver and Isma'ili traditions of Shi'i Islam. He is one of the most widely respected Imams by Shi'i and Sunni alike...

Caliph

Arabic: khalīfa SUNNI CALIPHS Abu Bakr 632-634 Umar 1 634-644 Uthman 644-656 Ali 656-661 Umayyads Mu'awiyya 1 661-680 Yazid 1 680-683 Abdullah bni Zubayr 680-692 Mu'awiyya 2 683-684 Marwan 1 684-685 Abd al-Malik 685-705 al-Walid 1 705-715 Sulayman 715-717 Umar 2 717-720 Yazid 2 720-724 Hisham 724-743 al-Walid 2 743-744 Yazid 3 744 Ibrahim 744 Marwan 2 744-750 Abbasids as-Saffah 749-754 al-Mansur 754-775 al-Mahdi 775-785 al-Hadi 785-786 Harun ar-Rashid 786-809 al-Amin 809-813 al-Ma'mun 813-833 al-Mu'tasim 833-842 al-Wathiq 842-847 al-Mutawakkil 847-861 al-Muntasir 861-862 al-Musta'in 862-866 al-Mu'tazz 866-869 al-Muhtadi 869-870 al-Mu'tamid 870-892 al-Mu'tadid 892-902 al-Muktafi ibnu l-Mu'tadid 902-908 al-Muqtadir 908-932 al-Qahir bi'llahi bni l-Mu'tadid 932-934 al-Radi bi'llahi...

El Mahdi

Arabic: 'al-mahdiyy Two representations of El Mahdi, that resemble one another very much. El Mahdi (Dirar Island 1844-Omdurman 1885) Sudanese politician and religious leader. His original name was Muhammad Ahmad, and he...

Ibrahim Pasha

(1789-1848) Egyptian general, governor of Syria, 1831-1841, regent for Muhammad Ali for a few months in 1848. Ibrahim was perhaps 19th century Egypt's finest general, fighting successfully in Arabia, Sudan,...

GSPC

GSPC From French: Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat Arabic: 'al-jamā¢a 'as-salafiyya li-l-da¢wa wa-l-qitāl In English: Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat Hassan Hattab.         Nabil Sahraoui.           Abu Musab Abdel Wadoud. Leaders Hassan Hattab 1998-2003 Nabil...

The Nile

Arabic: 'an-nīl Contents 1. Geography 2. Culture 3. History                       The Nile near Juba, Sudan.     The Nile passing through Khartoum, Sudan.   The 4th Cataract near Karima, Sudan.   The landscape of the 1st Cataract, at Aswan, Egypt.   Scene from...

Kurds

Young Kurdish woman. Photo: Kurdistan KURD.      Kurdish man in guerilla garment. Photo: Kurdistan KURD.           Kurdish girls. Photo: Kurdistan KURD.       Kurdish men from 19th century. Iranian people living in a landscape called Kurdistan, covering southeastern Turkey, northeastern Syria, northern Iraq,...

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