Mesopotamia

Contents INTRODUCTION 1. Eras of Mesopotamia 2. Society and Economy 3. Culture 4. History Kingdoms Native federations or kingdoms beyond the city-state --- select Sumer Akkad Babylonia Mitanni Assyria --- Peoples Kassites Amorites Kings --- select     Eannatum     Lugalzagesi     Sargon Assyrian kings (list)     Adad-nirari 1     Shalmaneser 1     Tukulti-Ninurta 1     Tiglath-Pileser 1     Ashurnasirpal 2     Shalmaneser 3     Tiglath-Pileser 3     Shalmaneser 5     Sargon...

Umm Kulthum

Arabic: 'umm kulthūm Other spellings: Oum, Omm; Kalsoum, Kalthum, Kalthoum, Kolthoum Incorrect spellings: Khalthoum Music example Fakarouni (live, unknown date) (Tamayya z-Zahira, Dakhliyya 1904- Cairo 1975) Egyptian singer and musician. Umm Kulthum is the most popular and treasured...

Sargon

Mesopotamia / Kings / Also commonly used: Sargon of Akkad and Sargon the Great Akkad of Sargon King of ancient Mesopotamia, reigning ca. 2334-2279 BCE, 55 years. His byname was Sargon of Akkad, the kingdom...

Masada

Ancient fortress and a national symbol for Israel. Masada has a legendary status in Israeli mentality. Here the fight for Israeli and Jewish independence was...

PLO – Palestine Liberation Organization

Arabic: munazzamat 'at-tahrīr filistīnīya The organization that has worked as the official representative for the Palestinian people, and is now the leading force of Palestine. PLO is...

Fatimids

Arabic: 'al-fātimiyūn Caliphs Ubayd Allah 909-934 al-Qa'im 934-946 al-Mansur 946-953 al-Aziz 975-996 al-Hakim 996-1021 al-Zahir 1021-1036 al-Mustansir 1036-1094 al-Musta'li 1094-1101 al-Amir 1101-1130 al-Hafiz 1130-1149 al-Zafir 1149-1154 al-Fa'iz 1154-1160 al-Adid 1160-1171 Isma'ili Shi'i Islamic dynasty of caliphs, ruling over large parts of the Muslim world from the early 10th century until the late 12th century. The Fatimids claimed to be descendants...

Saddam Hussein

Arabic: saddām hussayn         Saddam Hussein during the trials that ended with a death penalty.   A younger Saddam Hussein, demonstrating his strength and vigour, about to swim across the Euphrates river. (1937-2006)...

United Arab Emirates History Timeline

History The earliest traces of settlement in the UAE region goes back to the 6th millennium BCE, the people being herders and craftsmen. Middle 3rd millennium:...

Ottoman Empire – Rise and fall, explanations

Contents INTRODUCTION 1. Organization 2. Rulers 3. Demography and Culture 4. Rise and Fall: Explanations 5. History Ottoman Empire: The Topkapi palace in Istanbul. While it is difficult to find exact reasons for the rise of the...

Tigris

Arabic: dijla Turkish: Dicle Tigris river. Photo: Cordaiy Photo Library Ltd./Corbis,   Tigris river through central Baghdad. River of the Middle East, 1,850 km long. It begins in Turkey, 432 km, forms...

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