Arabic: (FULL NAME:‘abū muhammadi ¢alī bni husayn
Arabic: (HONORARY TITLE:zaynu l-¢ābidīn
Arabic: (HONORARY TITLE:‘as-sajjād
Arabic: (HONORARY TITLE:‘az-zakiyy

Communal grave of 4 of the Shi'i imams.
Alleged communal grave of 4 of the Shi’i imams in MadinaSaudi Arabia. In the larger one, from left to right:
Hassan;
Ali Zayn al-Abidin;
Muhammad al-Baqir;
Jafar as-Sadiq.
The single is of Muhammad’s daughter, Fatima.

(Madina 658 -712 or 713) The fourth Imam of Shi’i Islam (680-712 or 713).

Due to his weak health and inability to fight he was the only son of Husayn to survive the massacre at Karbala. He was taken as a prisoner to Damascus but was freed by the Caliph Yazid and allowed to return to Madina.

He spent his life in seclusion, weeping over the martyrs at Karbala, for which he was named ‘as-Sajjad (the prostrator). He did not involve himself in the politics of his time and was widely well regarded for his piousness. Of other honorary titles of him, the most commonly used were Zaynu l-Abidin (the ornament of the worshippers) and ‘az-Zaki (the pure).

He was succeeded by Muhammadu l-Baqir in both the Twelver and Isma’ili traditions and by Zayd in the Zaydi tradition.

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