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Zagros Mountains

                                      Mountain range dominating western Iran, touching Iraq. Another designation is the Kurdish Mountains. The name Zagros, comes from the Zagarthian people, probably of European ancestry. The total...

Syria Languages

  Languages Figures in 1000. Semitic 17,600 87.0% Arabic 17,500 87.0% North Levantine 13,300 66.0% Mesopotamian 2,800 14.0% Najdi 800 4.0% North Mesopotamian 500 2.5% Levantine Bedouin 100 0.5% Aramaic 70 0.3% Assyrian Neo 40 0.2% Western Neo 15 0.1% Turojo 10 <0.1% Chaldean Neo 5 <0.1% Iranian 2,000 10.0% Kurdish 2,000 10.0% Northern 2,000 10.0% Indo-European 320 1.6% Armenian 320 1.6% Turkic 210 1.0% Turkmen 130 0.6% Azerbaijani 80 0.4% Caucasian 65 0.3% Circassian 65 0.3% Adyghe 25 0.1% Kabardian 40 0.2% Indo-Aryan 10 <0.1% Domari 10 <0.1% Syria's geography and location in the Middle East are the main preconditions for it has become one...

Yahya

Full name: Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din (1867-1948) Ruler (Imam) of North Yemen 1904-1948. Also known as Mahmud al-Mutawakkil. The politics of Yahya were focused on protecting Yemen from foreign...

GSPC

GSPC From French: Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat Arabic: 'al-jamā¢a 'as-salafiyya li-l-da¢wa wa-l-qitāl In English: Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat Hassan Hattab.         Nabil Sahraoui.           Abu Musab Abdel Wadoud. Leaders Hassan Hattab 1998-2003 Nabil...

Greek Orthodox Church

Greek Christian church, with a presence in the Middle East going back to the earliest period in Christian history. The Greek Orthodox (see the article on the term 'Orthodox')...

Fatwa

Arabic: fatwā Fatwa is a legal statement in Islam, issued by a mufti or a religious lawyer, on a specific issue. Fatwas are asked for by judges or individuals and...

Assassins

Arabic: hashshāshīn, plural of hashshāsh The Masyaf fortress in Nusayriyya Mountains (modern Syria), the stronghold of ''The Old Man of Mountain''.   Western representation of Hassan-e Sabbah.         Western representation of...

Musa al-Kazim

Arabic: 'abū l-hassani mūsā bni ja¢far Shrine at Kazimayn, Baghdad, Iraq.           Portal to the holiest point in the shrine. (745-799 CE) Seventh Imam of the Twelver Shi'i tradition. Musa's Imamate coincided with one of...

Buraydah

Arabic: burayda Other spelling: Buraidah Buraydah Buraydah, Saudi Arabia. City and oasis in northwestern Saudi Arabia with 350,000 inhabitants (2003 estimate). It is the capital of Qassim Province with 1.1 million inhabitants (2003 estimate). In...

Arabic-English Dictionary

'akala (v) To eat bayda Egg bīra Beer daraja Class, standard dijāj Chicken fākiha; fawākih Fruit faransiyya French language fātūra Bill funduq Hotel ghurfa Room hal maca-kum Do you have... hal fīhi; hal fīhā Does it have. Masculine and feminine. hātif Telephone 'ilā l-liqā' So long; Until the next time inklīziyya English jamal Camel kataba (v) To...

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