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Najd

Arabic: najd Other spelling: Nejd     The region in north-central Saudi Arabia, with about 7 million inhabitants (2003 estimate). It was a kingdom from 1902 until 1932. The geography of...

Manichaeism

Contents 1. Teaching 2. Organization and Practice 3. Sources 4. History Manichaean icon.   Sacred meal of the elect at a festival of thanksgiving for Mani.       Elicti writing, from a Manichaean book, Turfan oasis, Turkestan.           10th century...

Mani

  Most likely this is a representation of Mani. (216-276) Founder of the religion now called Manichaeism. His family was Persian, but his name is Aramaic. Most probable, he...

Iran

      Play national anthem Major cities Teheran 7,500,000 Mashhad 2,100,000 Esfahan 1,400,000 Tabriz 1,300,000 Shiraz 1,100,000 Karaj 1,000,000 List of Cites and Towns Islamic Republic of Iran Persian: jumhuriyya 'islamiyya 'īrān Independent republic in Asia with 72.4 million inhabitants (2009 estimate), covering a total...

GIA

GIA Arabic: al-jamā¢atu l-'islāmiyati l-musallah From French: Group Islamique armé In English; Armed Islamic Group Leaders Mansour Meliani 1992 Abdelhak Layada 1993-1994 Cherif Gousmi 1994 Djamel Zitouni 1994-1996 Antar Zouabri 1996-2002 Rachid Abou Tourab 2002-2004 Nourredine Boudiafi 2004-2006 In Algeria, during the Algerian Civil War (around 1992-1999), armed Islamist group....

Baghdad

Baghdad Arabic: baghdād   Contents 1. Economy 2. Peoples 3. Education 4. Culture 5. City structure 6. Old Baghdad 7. History Busy downtown.     Traditional mansion.     Al-Mustansiriyyah School.   Small, Iranian-style mosque. Capital of Iraq with about 7.4 million inhabitants (2005 estimate), situated in the interior of the country on the...

Hijaz

Hijaz Other spelling: Hejaz Arabic: 'al-hijāz Mountains of Hijaz. Photo: S. M. Amin/Saudi Aramco Region and province in western Saudi Arabia, comprising the cities of Mecca and Madina, Jeddah and At Ta'if. The region is defined by the...

Mahdi

Arabic: 'al-mahdīy Artistic representation of the future Mahdi. Another artistic representation of the future Mahdi. Saviour figure in Islam, for which there are several different interpretations in Sunni Islam, and one...

Saudi Arabia

The Saudi Arabian Kingdom Arabic: 'al-mamlaka 'al-¢arabiyya 'as-sa¢ūdiyya Independent monarchy in Asia with 24.9 million inhabitants (2005 estimate), covering a total area of 2,240,000 km˛ and divided...

Mu’ammar Gadhafi

Arabic: mu'ammar 'al-qadhdhāfī (1942-) Leader of Libya since 1969, yet holding no official titles. Few leaders of the Arab world experience such confusion regarding the writing of their names....

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